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Chemical solutions are carefully applied to your skin to improve the texture by removing the damaged outer layers. The chemicals used are phenol, trichloroacetic acid and alphahydroxy acids. Each one has a different purpose. The formula will be adjusted to meet your particular needs.
If you have uneven pigment, dryness, acne or fine wrinkling, a Light Chemical Peel might be the right choice. This peel removes just the outer layer of skin (epidermis) in a light exfoliation and results in a healthier glow. Light Chemical Peels use a combination of alphahydroxy acids and beta hydroxy acids, such as glycolic acid, lactic acid, salicylic acid and maleic acid. All of these chemicals are the mildest choices. You can repeat these treatments weekly for up to 6 weeks to achieve your desired results.
Light Chemical Peels may be repeated monthly to maintain your vibrant new look.
Acne scars, deeper wrinkles and uneven skin color can all be treated with a Medium Chemical Peel. The chemicals used for this type of peel remove skin cells from both the outer layer of skin (epidermis) and the upper part of your middle layer of skin (dermis). Medium Chemical Peels use trichloroacetic acid, sometimes used in combination with glycolic acid, to make your skin will be noticeably smoother and fresh-looking.
You may repeat a Medium Chemical Peel every 6 to 12 months to maintain your glowing new skin.
If you have deeper facial wrinkles, skin that's damaged by the sun, scars, areas that appear blotchy or even pre-cancerous growths, a Deep Chemical Peel might be the right choice for you. Your physician will use the strongest chemical called phenol to penetrate down to the lower dermal layer of your skin. For this type of peel, you may need a local anesthetic and a sedative to manage any discomfort.
A Deep Chemical Peel usually involves some sort of pretreatment for up to 8 weeks to prepare your skin for the peel and speed the healing process. Pretreatment may include the use of Retin A, a prescription medication derived from vitamin A. Retin A works to thin out the skin's surface layer, allowing the chemical solution to penetrate more evenly and deeply. If you can't tolerate Retin A as a pre-treatment, you may be prescribed a different medication.
Deep chemical facial peels will result in peeling, redness and discomfort for several days. Your doctor will provide painkillers to keep you comfortable. Although the swelling is likely to disappear in about 2 weeks, your skin may be red for up to 3 months.
One treatment with a Deep Chemical Peel produces long-lasting and dramatic results which can last up to 10 years.
Procedure Information © American Society of Plastic Surgeons